22nd Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
Organized at Trenton, N.J., and mustered in
September 22, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 29, 1862.
Attached to Abercrombie's Provisional Brigade, Casey's Division, Defenses of
Washington, to December, 1862. Patrick's Command, Provost Guard, Army of the
Potomac, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of
the Potomac, to June, 1863.
Duty in the Defenses of Washington till November, 1862.
Moved to Aquia Creek, Va., and duty there guarding railroad till
Moved to Belle Plains and Joined Army of the Potomac January 10,
"Mud March" January 20-24.
Duty at Belle Plains till April 27.
Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.
Operations at Pollock's Mill Creek April 29-May 2.
Battle of Chancellorsville May 2-5.
Ordered home for muster out June, reaching Trenton June 22,
Mustered out June 22, 1863.
Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 40 Enlisted
men by disease. Total 41.
Battle Report Filed By Gen. G. R. Paul, 3rd Brigade Commander, mentioning the
22nd Regiment, NJVI
WHITE OAK CHURCH, VA.,
SIR: In compliance with orders from headquarters of
the First Division, First Army Corps, I have the honor to report the part taken
by my brigade during the operations of the Army of the Potomac against the enemy
from April 28 to May 6, 1863.
The Third Brigade, consisting of the Twenty-second,
Twenty-ninth, Thirtieth, and Thirty-first Regiments New Jersey Volunteers and
the One hundred and thirty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, left camp, near
Belle Plain, on April 28; marched toward the Rappahannock, via White Oak Church,
and encamped about 2 miles from the river. Left camp at midnight, and halted
near the crossing, several miles below Fredericksburg, where it was held in
reserve until about 12 m., when it was ordered forward; crossed the river
without opposition on a pontoon bridge, and took post on the crest of the bank
on the west side of the river, and at nightfall the Thirty-first New Jersey was
moved into rifle-pits in front.
In this position the brigade remained quietly until
May 2, when the enemy opened their batteries on us, doing, however, but little
damage, the troops being partially protected by the bank. In the midst of the
heaviest firing, I received orders from the division commander to recross the
river with my brigade, which was done with some loss, the enemy having the exact
range of the bridge. Many fragments of shell fell on and around the bridge
during the passage of the troops, and one shell struck it, and, exploding,
destroyed one of the pontoons and part of the flooring of the bridge, obliging
the One hundred and thirty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, about to cross, to
return to the shelter of the river bank while the damage was being repaired.
After crossing, a few more casualties occurred. The brigade was then marched
toward the United States Ford, crossing the river near that point at about 3
a.m. on May 3, and took a position on the right of the army, forming a support
for the first Line.
On the 4th, moved to the extreme right, forming
with two regiments a continuation of the first line, supported by two regiments
in the second line, and on the 5th, at 4 p.m., sent the Twenty-second New Jersey
Volunteers about a mile to the right, forming a line near the Rapidan. At
about 10 p.m. the same day, during a heavy rain, marched the brigade toward the
United States Ford, which point was nearly reached at midnight, when
countermanding orders were received. The brigade retraced its steps, and its
former position was nearly reached, when order:: were received to march again
toward the crossing, and this was finally accomplished early on the morning of
May 6. The troops were very much fatigued, having marched and countermarched all
night in the mud and exposed to a drenching rain.
It is with pleasure that I can testify to the zeal
displayed by the troops of my command, who were anxious for an opportunity to
meet the enemy face to face. Although never before under fire, they showed great
coolness when exposed to it, and would have given a good account of themselves
in a closer conflict with the enemy.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
G. R. PAUL,
Brigadier-General of Volunteers, Commanding Brigade.
Headquarters First Division, First Army Corps.