23rd Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
Organized at Beverly, N.J., and mustered in September 13, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 26, thence moved to Frederick, Md. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863.
March to Bakersville, Md,, October 8, 1862, and join 1st New
At Bakersville, Md., till October 30.
At New Baltimore November 9-16.
Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15.
Duty near Falmouth, Va., till April 27, 1863.
"Mud March" January 20-24.
Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.
Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2.
Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3.
Salem Heights May 3-4.
Banks' Ford May 4.
Regiment volunteered for service before muster out during the Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign, and moved to Harrisburg, Pa.
Mustered out June 27, 1863.
Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 31
Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 54 Enlisted men by
disease. Total 90.
Battle Report Filed By Col. E. Burd Grubb, Commanding the
23rd Regiment, NJVI
TWENTY-THIRD NEW JERSEY VOLUNTEERS,
SIR: In compliance with orders from brigade
headquarters, I have the honor to report that my regiment left camp, near White
Oak Church, at 3 p.m. April 28, and bivouacked upon the bank of the
Rappahannock, which we crossed at daylight on the morning of the 29th.
My regiment was deployed on the front at sunrise on
the 29th, relieving the One hundred and twenty-first New York. On Thursday the
Regiment was relieved. Nothing special occurred on Friday or Saturday.
On Sunday (May 3) was again ordered to the front, and
had 1 officer and 2 men wounded from shells.
About noon was ordered to follow the brigade, and
marched through Fredericksburg and about 3 miles out on the Plank road, when I
was again ordered to the front to support the Second New Jersey Volunteers,
skirmishing. As soon as my regiment emerged from the woods, I was opened upon by
a battery posted in the road, the second shot from which wounded an officer and
killed a man. Under the Immediate orders of General Brooks, I advanced, keeping
but a few paces in rear of the skirmishers, and came upon the enemy, posted in a
thick woods and in a brick church. The nature of the ground was such that my
line was somewhat broken up on entering the woods. Nevertheless my men engaged
the enemy with great spirit.
Together with Colonel Upton, of the One hundred and
twenty-first New York, immediately upon my left, I made several efforts to drive
the enemy from their position in and around the church, but (such was the
severity of their fire) without success, and several regiments upon my left
giving way, I was compelled to fall back. Upon emerging from the woods, the fire
was exceedingly deadly, and some confusion ensued, but I succeeded in reforming
in rear of a battery some 500 yards from the woods.
My regiment was not actively engaged again, and the
next evening recrossed the river at Banks' Ford.
My officers all behaved nobly, but I desire to mention
as conspicuous for their coolness and gallantry Maj. W. J. Parmentier and
Adjutant Downs; also First Lieut. F. L. Taylor, Commanding Company H, who
exhibited the most brilliant courage, leading his men several times to the front
under a most galling fire. Corporal Fenton, Company B, who, in the absence of
the color-sergeant, bore the national colors, also acted with the utmost
coolness and courage.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Colonel Twenty-third New Jersey Volunteers.
Capt. J. T. WHITEHEAD,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.