25th Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
Organized at Beverly, N.J., and mustered in Companies "A," "C," "E," "H" and "K" September 18, and Companies "B," "D," "F," "G" and "I" September 26, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 10,1862. <dy_1364> Attached to 2nd Brigade, Casey's Division, Defenses of Washington, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1863.
Camp on East Capital Hill and picket at Fairfax Seminary till
March to Aquia Creek, Va., November 30-December 8, thence to
Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15.
Camp near Falmouth till February 11, 1863.
"Mud March" January 20-24.
Moved to Newport News, Va., February 11, and duty there till March
Picket at Fort Jericho near Dismal Swamp till April 10.
Siege of Suffolk April 11-May 4.
Near Suffolk, Reed's Ferry, Nansemond Church Road May 3.
Siege of Suffolk raised May 4.
Constructing Fort New Jersey near Norfolk, Va., May 10 to June 4.
Moved to Portsmouth June 4.
At Camp Cadwallader, Beverly, N.J., June 8-20.
Mustered out at Beverly, N.J., June 20, 1863.
Report Filed By Lt. Col. Andrew Derrom, Commanding the
25th Regiment, NJVI
FALMOUTH, VA., December 19, 1862.
have the honor to report that, in accordance with orders of the brigade
commander, the Twenty-fifth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers left camp near
Falmouth on the evening of. December 11, about 6 p.m., and arrived in
Fredericksburg about 10 p.m. Bivouacked in the streets that night.
Friday and Saturday were under arms in the city,
awaiting orders, until about 4.30 p.m. Saturday, when the order to advance upon
the enemy was received.
My regiment, together with the One hundred and third
New York Regiment, were ordered to the first line, to be supported by the
Thirteenth New Hampshire and other regiments of the brigade. Reached the
railroad, where, by order, we halted and got under cover. Advanced again into
the field in front of railroad; halted, by orders, a few minutes, and again
advanced until we reached the slope of a hill, about 60 yards in front of a
stone wall, near the Culpeper road, occupied by the enemy, where we were brought
to a halt by a heavy fire in front, an enfilading fire on the left flank of
artillery and musketry of the
enemy, and a fire in rear from our own regiments. The men got down, and kept up
a desultory fire for about fifteen minutes, at the same time being under a heavy
fire of shot, shell, and musketry from the enemy. I gave the order to cease
firing; whereupon our own and the enemy's fire simultaneously ceased, and no
further firing, except from a few pickets, was heard during our stay. After the
order to cease firing was given, a cry was made by a soldier in Company G, of
this regiment, that we should all be made prisoners. This created some confusion
on the left of the regiment. I endeavored to keep them in position, but finding
a number falling to the rear, and seeing neither supports nor the One hundred
and third New York Regiment, I rallied the broken companies on the rear of the
Eighty-third New York, about 100 yards to the right and rear of the line
occupied by the regiment. Seven companies filed off the ground in good order and
formed a battalion line, together with the other three broken companies, within
ten minutes there-aft.
About 7 p.m. we fell back, by order, to railroad, and
subsequently, by further orders, to the original line, in streets of
Fredericksburg, arriving there about 11 p.m. The regiment behaved well under
fire, keeping their ground until after the enemy ceased firing, and until the
above mentioned alarm, created by an excited soldier; and, if properly
supported, good results might have been attained.
Our loss was 8 killed, or died of wounds; 59 wounded,
and 18 missing. Total, 85.
During the advance, and while under fire, all officers
and men who came under my notice did well. After the confusion some few of the
officers seemed to be wanting in promptness, and I found, after the regiment was
assembled, Lieutenant Richards, of Company A, missing, who rejoined the regiment
before marching off the field; also Lieutenant Parmley, of Company C, who
subsequently was found wounded.
On the evening of Monday the regiment was ordered to
the front to support pickets.
I found a very few of the officers and men unaccounted
for, whom I will report. The regiment performed their duty promptly. About 7
p.m. was ordered to return to the city, where orders were given to return to the
camp near Falmouth, and arrived there about 11 p.m. without loss and in good
Your obedient servant,
Lieut. ROBERT McKECHNIE,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, First Brigade.