12th Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry

  

Organized at Camp Stockton, Woodbury, N.J., and mustered in September 4, 1862. Left State for Baltimore, Md., September 7, 1862. Attached to Defenses of Baltimore, Md. Unattached, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1865.

 

SERVICE

    Guard duty at Ellicott's Mills, Md., September 8.--December 10, 1862.

    Moved to Washington, D.C., December 10, thence to Join Army of the Potomac December 13-17, reporting at Falmouth, Va., December 20.

    Duty there till April 27, 1863.

    Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.

    Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5.

    Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24

    Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3, Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap July 5-24.

    Duty on Orange & Alexandria Railroad till September 12.

    Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17.

    Picket duty on the Rapidan till October.

    Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.

    Auburn and Bristoe October 14.

    Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.

    Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.

    Mine Run November 28-30.

    At Stevensburg till May, 1864.

    Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7.

    Morton's Ford February 6-7.

    Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15.

    Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21.

    Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12.

    North Anna River May 23-26.

    On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.

    Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12.

    Before Petersburg June 16-18.

    Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.

    Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864.

    Demonstration north of the James July 27-29.

    Deep Bottom July 27-28.

    Demonstration north of the James August 13-20.

    Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.

    Ream's Station August 25.

    Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28.

    Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.

    Watkins House March 25.

    Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.

    Boydton and White Oak Roads March 30-31.

    Fall of Petersburg April 2.

    Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.

    Sailor's Creek April 6.

    High Bridge, Farmville, April 7.

    Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.

    March to Washington, D.C., May 2-12.

    Grand Review May 23.

    Duty at Washington, D.C., till July.

    Mustered out at Washington, D.C., July 15, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 168 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 99 Enlisted men by disease. Total 276.


Battle Report Filed By Maj. John T. Hill, Commanding the

12th Regiment, NJVI

CAMP NEAR FALMOUTH, VA.,
May 9, 1863.

COLONEL: I have the honor to report the action of the Twelfth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers during the actions on May 2 and 3, near Chancellorsville, Va., to be as follows:

On the afternoon of the 2d instant, while in bivouac near General French's headquarters, Colonel Willets received orders to move, in light marching order, upon the road toward the Chancellor house. We formed line in the wood to the left of the road, the right of this regiment resting upon the road in the rear of the mansion house. Shortly after we were in line, Colonel Willets received orders to move up the Gordonsville road to the support of Berry's division. The regiment was moved at the double-quick upon this road receiving as they moved, some shells from two pieces of artillery (rebel) planted in the road, and were filed in the wood to the right of the road. The line was formed in the rear of the First Brigade of Berry's division, the Fourteenth Connecticut Volunteers upon our right and the One hundred and eighth New York Volunteers upon our left. During the night we received a few shells, wounding 2 or 3 men on the left of the battalion.

At daylight on the morning of the 3d instant, the attack began. Before we were unmasked, Colonel Willets received a wound from a rifle-ball, and was taken from the field. I then took command. Shortly after, the enemy poured in a destructive fire upon our right flank, the regiment upon that flank having given way. My men returned the fire with spirit, but were forced to give way, which they did slowly and in good order, until the line had swung around to nearly a right angle with the original line. This position they maintained for some time, but were finally forced back about 100 yards, where they again made a stand. They here fought until the ranks were greatly disordered, and we were immediately in front of the infantry line supporting the batteries. I then gave the order to withdraw, in order to reform the battalion. This was done upon the field to the left of the road from the river, out which we had moved when going to the field, forming the men behind the One hundred and thirtieth Pennsylvania Volunteers.

We remained in this position until 4 o'clock on the afternoon of the 3d, when we took a position in line, with the One hundred and thirtieth Pennsylvania on the right and the One hundred and eighth New York on our left, immediately in the rear of the First Brigade, Third Division, Second Corps, in which position we remained until withdrawn on the morning of the 6th instant.

Our casualties comprise 1 officer and 23 men killed, 6 officers and 126 men wounded, and 22 men missing.

I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

 JOHN T. HILL,

 Major, Commanding Twelfth New Jersey Volunteers.

 Col. GEORGE W. POWERS,

Comdg. Second Brigade, Third Division, Second Army Corps.