3rd Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry (3 years)

 

Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in June 4, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 28, 1861. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.

SERVICE

  • Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Battle of Bull Run July 21 (Reserve).
  • Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., till March, 1862.
  • Munson's Hill or Little River Turnpike August 31, 1861 (Cos. "I" and "K"). Springfield Station October 2 (Detachment).
  • Burke's Station December 4 (Detachment).
  • Advance on Manassas, Va., March 8-15.
  • Advance from Alexandria to Bristoe Station April 7-11.
  • Embarked for the Peninsula, Va., April 17.
  • Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 19-May 5 (on transports).
  • West Point May 7-8.
  • Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1.
  • Battles of Gaines Mill June 27; Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1.
  • At Harrison's Landing till August 16.
  • Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Manassas, Va., August 16-26.
  • Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2.
  • Bull Run Bridge August 27.
  • Battle of Bull Run August 30.
  • Cover Pope's retreat to Centreville August 30-31.
  • Maryland Campaign September 6-22.
  • Battles of Crampton's Gap, South Mountain, September 14.
  • Antietam September 16-17.
  • Duty at Sharpsburg till October 29, Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15.
  • At Falmouth till April 27, 1863.
  • "Mud March" January 20-24.
  • Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.
  • Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2.
  • Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3.
  • Salem Heights May 3-4.
  • Banks Ford May 4.
  • Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24.
  • Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4.
  • Pursuit of Lee July 5-24.
  • Fairfield, Pa., July 5.
  • At and near Funkstown, Md., July 10-13.
  • Camp near Warrenton, Va., till September 15, and at Culpeper Court House till October.
  • Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.
  • Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.
  • Rappahannock Station November 7.
  • Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.
  • At Brandy Station till May, 1864.
  • Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15.
  • Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21.
  • Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12.
  • North Anna River May 23-26.
  • On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.
  • Totopotomoy May 28-31.

Non-Veterans relieved for muster out. Veterans and Recruits temporarily attached to 15th New Jersey Infantry under order of May 29, 1864, till December 17, 1864, when reorganized as a Veteran Battalion at Burke's Station, near Petersburg, Va. Non-Veterans mustered out at Trenton, N.J., June 23, 1864.

  • Battles about Cold Harbor June 1-12.
  • Before Petersburg June 17-19.
  • Siege of Petersburg till July 9.
  • Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23.
  • Moved to Washington, D, C., July 9-11.
  • Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and Northern Defenses of Washington July 11-12.
  • Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap, Va., July 14-23.
  • Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28.
  • Strasburg August 14-15.
  • Cedar Creek August 15.
  • Winchester August 17.
  • Charlestown August 21-22.
  • Battle of Winchester September 19.
  • Fisher's Hill September 22.
  • Battle of Cedar Creek October 19.
  • Duty in the Shenandoah Valley till December.
  • Siege of Petersburg, Va., December, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Assault and fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.
  • March to Danville April 23-27 and duty there till May 18.
  • March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3.
  • Corps Review June 8.
  • Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Va., June 29, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 148 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 80 Enlisted men by disease. Total 238.


 

Battle Report Filed By Col. H. W. Brown, Commanding the

3rd Regiment, NJVI (3 years)

HDQRS. 3D REGT. N. J. V., 1ST BRIG., 1ST Dry., 6TH CORPS,
Camp Seminary, September 6, 1862.

 SIR: I have the honor to report that on the morning of the 27th ultimo, about 3 o'clock, orders were received to be ready to march immediately, and this regiment, which was then encamped at the foot of the hill near the Seminary, marched at daybreak to the railroad depot near Fort Ellsworth, where it was placed on the cars with the other regiments of the brigade, and the train moved off immediately. About 9 a.m. of the same day we came to a point on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad about a quarter of a mile this side (east) of Bull Run Bridge, where we found the road obstructed by the debris of cars from a collision the night before. The regiment left the cars and moved up the railroad, crossing Bull Run Bridge, when I filed to the left of the road and formed it by column of division on the high ground to the left of the track. Here I was ordered to relieve the men of tents, blankets, haversacks, &c., and they were consequently thrown upon the ground.

From a little previous to 10 o'clock a.m. cannonading was heard on the front, and from the point we now occupied skirmishers were observed to our front and left. I now received orders to follow the Second  Regiment, and the line of march was obliquely to the right across the railroad, and after a march of about 1 miles, through a rough but open country, we came to a dwelling house and the marks of an old camp, when suddenly the enemy opened on our right and left flanks with artillery at short range. A battalion of cavalry now showed itself on our left, when I formed my regiment in double column at half distance, and was ordered to take my position 200 or 300 yards to the rear and opposite the interval between the First and Second Regiments, which were in line of battle. Thus formed the brigade moved, the First toward the guns on the right the Second toward those on the left, the Third moving opposite the interval as previously ordered for a mile or thereabouts, when I was ordered to halt and deploy, the enemy's cavalry having now moved to the rear of his right. Almost immediately skirmishing was heard in front. Shortly after the leading regiments fell back on my line in good order, and the enemy's cavalry again appeared on our left, when I again prepared to receive them, and retreated in column by order of the general across an open country to an elevated position on the railroad, and there formed line of battle behind some trees and ranks of wood. When the First and Second Regiments had passed I continued the retreat toward Ball Run Bridge, sometimes threatened by cavalry, when I formed column; sometimes by artillery, who fired grape through my ranks, men and officers behaving admirably and moving in perfect order.

We now came to a ravine, the declivity of which was so steep that many of the men fell in descending, and in ascending the opposite side we received a destructive fire from the enemy's artillery at short range. Fatigue of incessant marching over bad roads and continuous fire of the enemy had thinned my ranks, and many men had fallen out, unable to march. The retreat being continued across the bridge, these stragglers were captured by the enemy.

I was then placed with a part of my regiment on a hill to the left of the road to protect the bridge, the other portion having moved down the railroad. Here I was re-enforced by the Twelfth Ohio, the Eleventh Ohio being somewhere to my left and rear. General Taylor was now wounded and carried to the rear, and Colonel Scammon, of the Eleventh Ohio, assumed command. The difficulty of the ground prevented the farther pursuit of the enemy's artillery, but he occupied the rifle pits on the opposite hill and commenced a heavy fire on our troops, which was vigorously replied to and continued nearly an hour.

The enemy now having crossed the creek on our right in force, for the purpose of outflanking us, I was ordered, in concert with the Twelfth Ohio, to fall back along the brow of the hill and opposite the force trying to get in my rear. The bridge being now abandoned, the enemy crossed with his infantry, his cavalry having previously passed by a ford above, and he being now upon our left flank and pressing our front, we retreated slowly and in good order down the railroad, the enemy following about half a mile.

The firing during the engagement was incessant and sometimes very heavy. The casualties, so far as known, are comparatively few, the troops having been pretty well screened by the hill on the left of the railroad, covered with dense woods. My chief loss was in prisoners taken by the enemy's cavalry, who were captured in attempting to cross the bridge. I append the list of killed, wounded, and missing so far as ascertained.

My officers and men, almost without exception, behaved with the utmost gallantry, and showed the best qualities of soldiers by the quietude and steadiness of their retreat under a galling fire.

I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant,

 H. W. BROWN,

Colonel, Commanding.

 Capt. ROBERT T. DUNHAM,

 Assistant Adjutant-General.