3rd Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry (3 years)
Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in June 4, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 28, 1861. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.
Non-Veterans relieved for muster out. Veterans and Recruits temporarily attached to 15th New Jersey Infantry under order of May 29, 1864, till December 17, 1864, when reorganized as a Veteran Battalion at Burke's Station, near Petersburg, Va. Non-Veterans mustered out at Trenton, N.J., June 23, 1864.
Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 148 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 80 Enlisted men by disease. Total 238.
Battle Report Filed By Col. H. W. Brown, Commanding the
3rd Regiment, NJVI (3 years)
REGT. N. J. V., 1ST BRIG., 1ST Dry., 6TH CORPS,
have the honor to report that on the morning of the 27th ultimo, about 3
o'clock, orders were received to be ready to march immediately, and this
regiment, which was then encamped at the foot of the hill near the Seminary,
marched at daybreak to the railroad depot near Fort Ellsworth, where it was
placed on the cars with the other regiments of the brigade, and the train
moved off immediately. About 9 a.m. of the same day we came to a point on the
Orange and Alexandria Railroad about a quarter of a mile this side (east) of
Bull Run Bridge, where we found the road obstructed by the debris of
cars from a collision the night before. The regiment left the cars and moved
up the railroad, crossing Bull Run Bridge, when I filed to the left of the
road and formed it by column of division on the high ground to the left of the
track. Here I was ordered to relieve the men of tents, blankets, haversacks,
&c., and they were consequently thrown upon the ground.
From a little previous to 10 o'clock a.m. cannonading
was heard on the front, and from the point we now occupied skirmishers were
observed to our front and left. I now received orders to follow the Second
Regiment, and the line of march was obliquely to the right across the
railroad, and after a march of about 1½ miles, through a rough but open
country, we came to a dwelling house and the marks of an old camp, when
suddenly the enemy opened on our right and left flanks with artillery at short
range. A battalion of cavalry now showed itself on our left, when I formed my
regiment in double column at half distance, and was ordered to take my
position 200 or 300 yards to the rear and opposite the interval between the
First and Second Regiments, which were in line of battle. Thus formed the
brigade moved, the First toward the guns on the right the Second toward those
on the left, the Third moving opposite the interval as previously ordered for
a mile or thereabouts, when I was ordered to halt and deploy, the enemy's
cavalry having now moved to the rear of his right. Almost immediately
skirmishing was heard in front. Shortly after the leading regiments fell back
on my line in good order, and the enemy's cavalry again appeared on our left,
when I again prepared to receive them, and retreated in column by order of the
general across an open country to an elevated position on the railroad, and
there formed line of battle behind some trees and ranks of wood. When the
First and Second Regiments had passed I continued the retreat toward Ball Run
Bridge, sometimes threatened by cavalry, when I formed column; sometimes by
artillery, who fired grape through my ranks, men and officers behaving
admirably and moving in perfect order.
We now came to a ravine, the declivity of which was so
steep that many of the men fell in descending, and in ascending the opposite
side we received a destructive fire from the enemy's artillery at short range.
Fatigue of incessant marching over bad roads and continuous fire of the enemy
had thinned my ranks, and many men had fallen out, unable to march. The
retreat being continued across the bridge, these stragglers were captured by
I was then placed with a part of my regiment on a hill
to the left of the road to protect the bridge, the other portion having moved
down the railroad. Here I was re-enforced by the Twelfth Ohio, the Eleventh
Ohio being somewhere to my left and rear. General Taylor was now wounded and
carried to the rear, and Colonel Scammon, of the Eleventh Ohio, assumed
command. The difficulty of the ground prevented the farther pursuit of the
enemy's artillery, but he occupied the rifle pits on the opposite hill and
commenced a heavy fire on our troops, which was vigorously replied to and
continued nearly an hour.
The enemy now having crossed the creek on our right in
force, for the purpose of outflanking us, I was ordered, in concert with the
Twelfth Ohio, to fall back along the brow of the hill and opposite the force
trying to get in my rear. The bridge being now abandoned, the enemy crossed
with his infantry, his cavalry having previously passed by a ford above, and
he being now upon our left flank and pressing our front, we retreated slowly
and in good order down the railroad, the enemy following about half a mile.
The firing during the engagement was incessant and
sometimes very heavy. The casualties, so far as known, are comparatively few,
the troops having been pretty well screened by the hill on the left of the
railroad, covered with dense woods. My chief loss was in prisoners taken by
the enemy's cavalry, who were captured in attempting to cross the bridge. I
append the list of killed, wounded, and missing so far as ascertained.
My officers and men, almost without exception, behaved
with the utmost gallantry, and showed the best qualities of soldiers by the
quietude and steadiness of their retreat under a galling fire.
I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant,
Capt. ROBERT T. DUNHAM,