10th Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry


Organized at Beverly, N.J., October 9, 1861, under authority of the War Department, as the "Olden Legion," Left State for Washington, D.C., December 26, 1861. Transferred to State of New Jersey, reorganized and designated 10th Infantry January 29, 1862. Attached to Wadsworth's Command, Military District of Washington, D.C., to February, 1863. District of Washington, D.C., 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. Philadelphia, Pa., Dept. of the Susquehanna, to September, 1863. Pottsville, Pa., Dept. of the Susquehanna, to November, 1863. Sub-District of Carbon, Dept. of the Susquehanna, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to July, 1865.



    Provost duty at Washington, D.C., till April, 1863.

    Ordered to Suffolk, Va., April 12.

    Siege of Suffolk, Va., April 16-May 4.

    Edenton Road April 24.

    Siege of Suffolk raised May 4.

    Ordered to Washington, D.C., thence to Philadelphia, Pa., and duty there till September, 1863.

    On provost duty at Pottsville, Pa., till October, and guard fords of the Potomac at and near Shepherdstown till November.

    At Mauch Chunk. Pa., Sub-District of Carbon, November, 1863, to April, 1864.

    Ordered to Join Army of the Potomac in the field. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15.

    Battles of the Wilderness, Va., May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21.

    Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12.

    North Anna River May 23-26.

    On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.

    Totopotomoy May 28-31.

    Cold Harbor June 1-12.

    Before Petersburg June 17-July 9.

    Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23.

    Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11.

    Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the Northern Defenses of Washington July 11-12.

    Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap, Va., July 14-23.

    Action at Snicker's Ferry July 17-18.

    Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28.

    Strasburg August 14-16.

    Winchester August 17.

    Point Pleasant August 21.

    Battle of Winchester September 19.

    Fisher's Hill September 22.

    Battle of Cedar Creek October 19.

    Duty in the Shenandoah Valley till December.

    Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Petersburg, Va.

   Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April 2, 1865.

    Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.

    Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.

    Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2.

    Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.

    Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.

    March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there till March 18.

    March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3.

    Corps Review June 8.

    Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Va., June 22, 1865.


Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 91 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 187 Enlisted men by disease. Total 283.

Special Orders Issued by  Gen. H.W. Wessells concerning

Capt. W.H. Snowden of the

10th Regiment, NJVI


Washington, D.C., January 4, 1865.

 Maj. Gen. B. F. BUTLER,
Commissioner for Exchange, Fort Monroe Va.:

GENERAL: By authority of the Secretary of War I inclose herewith for your information a copy of special orders from this office, authorizing the execution of retaliatory measures in the case of Capt. W. H. Snowden, Tenth New Jersey Volunteers, now held as a prisoner by the rebels, and who it is represented is subjected to treatment set forth in the order. It is respectfully requested that the rebel authorities may be notified of the action taken.

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Brig. Gen., U.S. Vols., Inspector and Com. Gen. of Prisoners.



Washington, D.C., January 4, 1865.

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VIII. By authority of the Secretary of War a captain of the rebel army, a prisoner of war, will be selected and subjected to the same  treatment as Capt. W. H. Snowden, Tenth New Jersey Volunteers, who is said to be held as a hostage for the burning of Letcher's building, treated as a felon, and fed upon bread and water.

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By order of Brig. Gen H. W. Wessells, Inspector and Commissary-General of Prisoners:


Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General.