7th Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry

 

Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in September 3, 1861. 7 Companies left State for Washington, D.C., September 19, 1861, and 3 Companies October 3, 1861. Attached to Casey's Provisional Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864, 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1865.

 

SERVICE.

    At Meridian Hill till December 6, 1861.

    Expedition to Lower Maryland November 3-11.

     Duty at Budd's Ferry, Md., till April, 1862.

    Moved to the Virginia Peninsula April 5-8.

    Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 10-May 4.

    Battle of Williamsburg May 5.

    Battle of Fair Oaks (or Seven Pines) May 31-June 1.

    Duty near Seven Pines till June 25.

    Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1.

   Action at Oak Grove (near Seven Pines) June 25.

    Battles of Savage Station June 29.

    Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1.

    At Harrison's Landing till August 15.

    Movement to Centreville, Va., August 15-26.

    Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2.

    Action at Bristoe Station (or Kettle Run) August 27.

    Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1.

    Duty in the Defenses of Washington till November 1.

    Movement to Falmouth, Va.. November 1-28.

    Duty near Falmouth November 28-December 11.

    Battle of Fredericksburg. Va., December 12-15.

     Duty near Falmouth till April 27, 1863.

    "Mud March" January 20-24.

    Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church February 5-7.

    Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.

    Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-6.

     Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24.

    Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3.

    Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24.

    Wapping Heights July 23.

    Duty near Warrenton till October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.

    McLean's Ford October 15.

    Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.

    Kelly's Ford November 7.

    Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.

    Payne's Farm November 27.

    Duty near Brandy Station till May, 1864.

    Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7.

    Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15.

    Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21.

    Assault on the Salient ("Bloody Angle") May 12.

    Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road, May 19.

    North Anna River May 23-26.

    Ox Ford May 23-24.

    On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.

    Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12.

    Before Petersburg June 16-18.

    Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.

    Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864.

    Demonstration north of the James July 27-29.

    Deep Bottom July 27-28.

    Demonstration north of the James August 13-20.

    Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.

    Ream's Station August 25.

    Fort Sedgwick September 10.

    Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2.

    Yellow House October 2-5.

    Boydton Plank Road. Hatcher's Run, October 27-28.

    Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12.

    Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.

    Watkins' House March 25.

    Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.

    Boydton and White Oak Road March 30-31,

    Crow's House March 31.

    Fall of Petersburg April 2.

    Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.

    Sailor's Creek April 6.

    High Bridge, Farmville, April 7.

    Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.

    March to Washington, D.C., May 2-12.

    Grand Review May 23.

    Duty at Washington, D.C., till July.

    Mustered out July 17, 1865. Non-Veterans mustered out at Trenton October 7, 1864.

 

Regiment lost during service 11 Officers and 126 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 121 Enlisted men by disease. Total 260.


Battle Report Filed By Col. J. W. Revere, Commanding the

7th Regiment, NJVI

HEADQUARTERS SEVENTH NEW JERSEY VOLUNTEERS,
Camp Lincoln, Va., June 26, 1862.

SIR: In obedience to your order of June 26, 1862, I have to report that when with my regiment on guard in the redoubt in front of this camp, at 9 a.m. 25th instant, I received orders from General Hooker to hold ourselves in readiness to support the regiments of the Second Brigade of this division, then engaged with the enemy in our front. The regiment was quickly formed and moved up to the edge of the woods, where we lay a short time in line. In obedience to orders we again advanced through the woods, with our left on the Williamsburg road, and passing through this difficult ground for about half a driving before us with our fire the enemy, came to the edge of the woods on the other side. There we dressed on line, somewhat augmented by some 30 of the Second Brigade, who were lost in the woods, and commenced a heavy and well-directed file fire against the enemy in our front, which was hotly returned by them. A rebel regiment, retiring by a flank on the Williamsburg road, also received a well-sustained and severe fire from our left-flank companies, and their colors were seen several times to fall before it.

The Nineteenth Massachusetts Regiment stood steadily as a reserve to our line, and at this time (10.30 p.m.), the enemy appearing in strong numbers in the woods in our front, General Hooker ordered us to retire, which we did in good order, carrying off our dead and wounded and leaving the Nineteenth Massachusetts on the ground, at 11 a.m.

I have to mention especially for your commendation the gallant and skillful conduct of Capt. H. C. Bartlett, who acted as field officer, and to whom I am much indebted for his cool and deliberate courage and invaluable assistance in carrying out my commands; also to Capt. Frederick Cooper and Acting Adjt. Lieut. W. J. Evans, who, though quite sick, nobly stood to his duty and encouraged the men.

I particularly desire to mention the noble and philanthropic conduct of Rev. Dr. Julius D. Rose, chaplain Seventh New Jersey Volunteers, who, as previously at the battle of Williamsurg, ranged over the field with the musicians, seeking out and ministering to the wounded under the fire of the enemy, and to Surg. D. W. C. Hough and Asst. Surg. A. Satterthwaite, who, from the proximity of our camp to the field, were laboriously engaged, not only in attending to our own, but also to the wounded of several regiments, though both in feeble health.

The officers and men behaved with great courage and determination, few though they were in numbers--the regiment numbering in the combat only 1 field officer (myself), 3 captains, 1 acting adjutant, 5 lieutenants, and 280 non-commissioned officers and privates.

I regret to have to report the loss of Capt. James McKiernan, Company G, missing, who bravely left a sick couch to take his place in our ranks and commanded his company with his accustomed bravery; also Second Lieut. A. T. Chazotte, Company F, who fell while encouraging his company in the most daring manner.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

 J. W. REVERE,

 Colonel Seventh New Jersey Volunteers.

 Capt. C. M. PREVOST,

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Third Brigade, Hooker's Division.