1st Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry (3 years)

 

Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in May 21, 1861.

Left State for Washington, D. C., June 28, 1861. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Runyon's Reserve Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Kearney's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, to June, 1864.

SERVICE.--

  • Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861.
  • Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21 (Reserve).
  • Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till March, 1862.
  • Little River Turnpike October 15, 1861 (Co. "A").
  • Advance on Manassas, Va., March 8-15, 1862.
  • Advance from Alexandria to Bristoe Station April 7-11.
  • Embarked for the Peninsula, Va., April 17.
  • Siege of Yorktown April 19-May 4 (on transports).
  • West Point May 7-8.
  • Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1.
  • Battles of Gaines Mill June 27; Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July 1.
  • Duty at Harrison's Landing till August 16.
  • Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Manassas, Va., August 16-26.
  • Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2.
  • Bull Run Bridge, Manassas, August 27.
  • Battle of Bull Run August 30.
  • Cover Pope's retreat to Centreville August 30-31.
  • Maryland Campaign September 6-22.
  • Battle of Crampton's Pass, South Mountain, Md., September 14.
  • Antietam September 16-17.
  • Duty at Sharpsburg till October 29.
  • Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. (Co. "K" transferred to 1st New Jersey Battery October 16, 1862.)
  • Duty near Falmouth, Va., till April 27, 1863.
  • "Mud March" January 20-24.
  • Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.
  • Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2.
  • Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3.
  • Salem Heights May 3-4.
  • Banks' Ford May 4.
  • Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24.
  • Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4.
  • Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24.
  • Fairfield, Pa., July 5.
  • Williamsport July 6.
  • At and near Funkstown July 10-13.
  • Hagerstown July 11.
  • In camp near Warrenton, Va., till September 15, and at Culpeper till October.
  • Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.
  • Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.
  • Rappahannock Station November 7.
  • Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.
  • Duty at Brandy Station till May, 1864.
  • Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15.
  • Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21.
  • Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12.
  • North Anna River May 23-26.
  • On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.
  • Totopotomoy May 28-31.
  • Cold Harbor June 1-12.
  • Before Petersburg June 17-19.
  • Siege of Petersburg till July 9.
  • Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23.
  • Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11.
  • Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and Northern Defences of Washington July 11-12.
  • Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-23.
  • Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28.
  • Strasburg August 14-15.
  • Cedar Creek August 15.
  • Winchester August 17.
  • Charlestown August 21-22.
  • Battle of Winchester September 19.
  • Fisher's Hill September 22.
  • Battle of Cedar Creek October 19.
  • Duty in the Shenandoah Valley till December.
  • Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Petersburg December, 1864.
  • Siege of Petersburg, Va., December, 1864, to April, 1865.
  • Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.
  • March to Danville April 23-27 and duty there till May 18.
  • Moved to Richmond, thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3.
  • Corps Review June 8.
  •  

Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Va., June 29, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 144 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 90 Enlisted men by disease. Total 244.

Note.--Non-Veterans left front June, 1864, and mustered out at Trenton, N.J., June 23, 1864. Veterans and Recruits were attached to other Regiments of the Brigade till December, 1864, when they were organized into 1st New Jersey Veteran Battalion.


 

Battle Report Filed By Lt. Col. M. W. Collet, commanding the

1st Regiment, NJVI (3 years)*

*Lt. Col. Collet was from the 3rd NJVI, commanding the 1st NJVI at Antietam

 

HDQRS. FIRST REGIMENT NEW JERSEY VOLUNTEERS,
September 16, 1862.

SIR: I have the honor to report:

The First Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, with the Second Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, was in the first line of the brigade. The advance across the fields, under a heavy fire of shell and solid shot from the enemy's batteries, was steady and unwavering. When the order was given to "Charge, and drive the rebels from the hill," the regiment, with cheers, started, and halted only when the enemy was driven from the hill and entirely dispersed.

Where officers and men all behaved with such distinguished gallantry, it is impossible to single out one for particular mention.

The killed and wounded in the First New Jersey, as far as yet ascertained, are as follows:

*          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

 M. W. COLLET,

 Lieut. Col. Third N. J. Vols., in command of First N.J. Vols.

 First Lieut. H. P. COOKE,

Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, New Jersey Brigade.