1st Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry (3 months)
Organized at Trenton, N.J., and mustered in April 30, 1861.
Mustered out at Newark, N.J., July 31, 1861.
Regiment lost 1 by disease during service.
Battle Report Filed By Col. W. R. Montgomery, commanding the
1st Regiment, NJVI (3 months)
ALBANY, VA., July 23, 1861.
SIR: I have the honor to report that, by
instructions of Brigadier-General Runyon,
commanding Fourth Division, Northeastern Virginia, with fifteen companies,
seven of the First (my own), and eight of the Second (McLean's) New Jersey
Volunteers, I left Vienna and marched to join you at Centreville. On the march
we encountered your retreating forces, which, by personal authority, exertions
of officers, men, and the bayonet, we endeavored, though ineffectually, to
rally and turn back. We took position in rear of your camps and immediately in
front of the enemy, then proceeded in person to your headquarters, and
received your instructions to assume command of my own and McLean's regiments,
and hold our position. On sending for the latter regiment it was ascertained
it had retired and was on the retreat, and continued to do so, for reasons
doubtless its colonel will duly explain.
About 2 o'clock in the morning, having ascertained
that the forces had retreated, and my command left entirely unsupported, I
deemed it proper to retire, leaving your hospitals in charge of Surgeon
Taylor, of my regiment, who nobly volunteered for that purpose with my
sanction, to the mercy of the enemy.
I kept on and covered the rear of our retreating
forces till we reached Fairfax Court-House, when, finding a regiment encamped
but preparing to take up its march, I notified its commander he would be in
rear, and the probability of the enemy's Black Cavalry annoying him. We
continued our march in rear of other forces, finally joined and escorted
Hunt's battery to this point, where, during the storm of yesterday, I disposed
of my regiment as I best could. When we marched from Vienna four companies,
two of each regiment, were on detached duty, and one other was left to hold
the place till the former companies should return, then the whole to proceed
to join us. They marched accordingly, but were met on the way and turned back,
and those of the Second joined us here. To-day we are employed in getting in
our camp equipage from Camp Trenton.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Colonel, Commanding First
Regiment New Jersey Volunteers.
Brig. Gen. I. McDOWELL,
Commanding Federal Forces.