15th Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry

  

Organized at Camp Fair Oaks, near Flemington, N. J., and mustered in August 25, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., August 27, 1862. At Tennallytown, D.C.. till September 30, constructing Fort Kearney. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, to June, 1865.

 

SERVICE

    Moved to Frederick, Md., September 30, 1862, thence to Bakerville and Joined Army of the Potomac.

    Duty in Maryland till October 29.

    Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19.

    Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15.

    Duty near Falmouth, Va., till April 27, 1863.

    "Mud March" January 20-24.

    Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.

    Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2.

    Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3.

    Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4.

    Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24.

    Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4.

    Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24.

    Fairfield, Pa., July 5.

    At and near Funkstown, Md., July 10-13.

    In camp near Warrenton till September 15, and at Culpeper till October.

    Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.

    Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.

    Rappahannock Station November 7.

    Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.

    Duty at Brandy Station till May, 1864.

    Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15.

    Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21.

    Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12.

    North Anna River May 23-26.

    On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.

    Totopotomoy May 28-31.

    Cold Harbor June 1-12.

    Before Petersburg June 17-19.

    Siege of Petersburg till July 9.

    Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23.

    Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11.

    Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the northern defenses of Washington, D.C., July 11-12.

    Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-23.

    Snicker's Ferry July 17-18.

    Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28.

    Strasburg August 14-15.

    Cedar Creek August 15.

    Winchester August 17.

    Charlestown August 21-22.

    Battle of Winchester September 19.

    Fisher's Hill September 22.

    Battle of Cedar Creek October 19.

    Duty in the Shenandoah Valley till December.

    Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Petersburg, Va., December.

    Siege of Petersburg December, 1864, to April 2, 1865.

    Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.

    Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.

    Assault and capture of Petersburg April 2.

    Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.

    Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.

    March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there till May 18.

    March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3.

    Corps Review June 8.

    Mustered out at Hall's Hill, Va., June 22, 1865.

 

Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 232 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 131 Enlisted men by disease. Total 372.

 


Battle Report Filed By Col. William H. Penrose, Commanding the

15th Regiment, NJVI

 

CAMP NEAR WHITE OAK CHURCH, VA., May 11, 1863.

SIR: In compliance with circular order from headquarters First Brigade, just received, I have the honor to submit the following report:

My command broke camp at White Oak Church, Va., on the afternoon of Tuesday, April 28, and marched to the bank of the Rappahannock, near Franklin's crossing where it bivouacked until toward morning, when it was moved to the river, and crossed in boats just before daylight on the morning of the 29th, taking up a position immediately on the left bank.

Remained there until the morning of May 3, instant, a part of which time was employed in doing outpost duty immediately in face of the enemy.

On the morning of the 3d instant, I was ordered to the front at about daybreak, and was assigned a position in support of a battery on the extreme left, which was hotly engaging the enemy. Remained upon this duty, taking up various positions, and being part of the time exposed to a severe scattering flank fire from the enemy's line of skirmishers, until the enemy was driven from his position on the heights above Fredericksburg, and the line on the left was ordered to retire toward that place, when I was left in the rear as a support to our retiring skirmishers, by order of the general commanding the division. Everything was brought from the field without difficulty, as the enemy did not follow up.

After procuring ambulances (to get which I was compelled to send to the city of Fredericksburg), and moving the wounded left upon the field during the rapid movements, I proceeded upon the line of march of the corps. Arriving some distance out of the city, on the Plank road, I learned that the enemy was making stout resistance in front, And that the First Brigade was about to engage him.

Marching as rapidly as practicable, I arrived at the front at about 5 p.m., and, without halting, was immediately ordered by the general commanding the corps to engage the enemy on the right of the road, in a thick wood, in which the enemy had taken a position and effectually resisted an attempt to dislodge him. My command advanced about 100 yards, through a dense, and in places impassable, undergrowth, to within about 30 yards of the enemy's position, where it engaged at least four of his regiments, with, as I am convinced, a terrible effect, but without driving him from his well-chosen position. Just at dark, my ammunition being entirely exhausted and the enemy's fire destructive, I retired in good order, the enemy showing no disposition to follow.

I have the satisfaction of saying for my command that not a man left the line of battle except the wounded, and when the rolls were called immediately upon arriving in the open field, every man was present or properly accounted for, except those who were killed, wounded, or missing in action, the latter being but five, and all probably killed or wounded. My wounded were all brought off during or after the action, except possibly the five mentioned above, not found on account of the dense undergrowth of bushes.

Sunday night, my command bivouacked upon the battle-field. During the engagement of Monday, was assigned to various positions, a part of the time in support of batteries. When at night the artillery was ordered toward the river, I was ordered to follow the artillery.

Recrossed the river just before daylight in the morning, and went into camp on the right bank.

On Friday, the 8th instant, marched to my present place of encampment.

I would respectfully call attention to the conduct of Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell. He was to be seen in the thickest of the fight, and repeatedly he went to the front alone, trying to get not only his own men but those of other regiments to follow.

I am much indebted to our chaplain, Haines, for his services in transmitting orders and attending to the wounded.

All my officers behaved well, especially taking into consideration it was their first engagement.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

 WM. H. PENROSE,

Colonel Fifteenth New Jersey Volunteers.

 Capt. J. T. WHITEHEAD,

Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.