8th Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry
Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in September 14, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 1, 1861. Attached to Casey's Provisional Brigade, Division of the Potomac, October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1865.
At Meridian Hill till December 6, 1861.
Expedition to lower Maryland November 3-11.
Duty at Budd's Ferry, Md., till April, 1862.
Moved to the Virginia Peninsula April 5-8.
Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 10-May 4.
Battle of Williamsburg May 5.
Battle of Fair Oaks (or Seven Pines) May 31-June 1.
Duty near Seven Pines till June 25.
Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1.
Action at Oak Grove, near Seven Pines, June 25.
Battles of Savage Station June 29; Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill
At Harrison's Landing till August 15.
Movement to Centreville August 15-26.
Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2.
Action at Bristoe Station (or Kettle Run) August 27.
Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly
Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., till November 1.
Movement to Falmouth, Va., November 1-28.
Duty near Falmouth, Va., November 28-December 11.
Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15.
At Falmouth till April 27, 1863.
"Mud March" January 20-24.
Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church February 5-7.
Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.
Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5.
Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24.
Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3.
Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24.
Wapping Heights, Va.. July 23.
Duty near Warrenton, Va., till October.
Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.
McLean's Ford October 15.
Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.
Kelly's Ford November 7.
Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.
Payne's Farm November 27.
Duty near Brandy Station till May, 1864.
Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7.
Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15.
Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12;
Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21.
Assault on the Salient ("Bloody Angle") May 12.
Harris Farm, or Fredericksburg Road, May 19.
North Anna River May 23-26. Ox Ford May 23-24.
On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.
Totopotomoy May 28-31.
Cold Harbor June 1-12.
Before Petersburg June 16-18.
Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2. 1865.
Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864.
Demonstration north of the James July 27-29.
Deep Bottom July 27-28.
Demonstration north of the James August 13-20.
Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.
Ream's Station August 25.
Fort Sedgwick September 10.
Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2.
Yellow House October 2-5.
Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28.
Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12.
Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.
Watkins' House March 25.
Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
Boydton and White Oak Roads March 30-31.
Crow's House March 31.
Fall of Petersburg April 2.
Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
Sailor's Creek April 6.
High Bridge, Farmville, April 7.
Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.
March to Washington. D.C., May 2-12.
Grand Review May 23.
Duty at Washington till July.
Mustered out July 17, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 167
Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 109 Enlisted men by
disease. Total 286.
Battle Report Filed By Gen. John Ramsey, of the
8th Regiment, NJVI
BRIG., FIRST DIV., SECOND ARMY CORPS,
SIR: In compliance with orders from headquarters
Second Army Corps, I have the honor to submit the following report of the
operations of this command during the recent campaign:
We broke camp near Petersburg on the 29th ultimo,
marched to and formed line of battle at Gravelly Creek, my left resting on the
creek, my command being on the extreme left of the corps, and connected with the
Fifth Corps by picket-line, and subsequently by line of battle. Shortly after
leaving camp the Fourth New York Heavy Artillery was detached from my command
and assigned to the Second Brigade, and the One hundred and eighty-third
Pennsylvania Volunteers (Colonel Egbert) relieved from duty with the First
Brigade and assigned to mine. During the night the line of battle had become
disconnected by the Fifth corps advancing through a dense wood and swamp. It was
absolutely impossible to preserve a line of battle, or rather a connection, in
consequence of the impassability of woods, swamps, and the impenetrable darkness
30th, moved forward at daylight and connected with the
Fifth Corps, with left of my line resting at the Boydton plank road and the
right crossing the Dabney Mill road. During the day the whole line was advanced
about 1,000 yards. At this point the skirmishers were briskly engaged during the
day, the enemy using their artillery on both of our lines, skirmish and line of
battle, with but little effect. I had two companies of the Fifty-third
Pennsylvania Volunteers at this point, under the command of Maj. G. D. Pifer, of
that regiment. The conduct of the major and his men was worthy of emulation. The
enemy made several efforts to capture the line, but was unsuccessful; but was
successful in driving in a portion of the line on my immediate left, composed of
troops of the Fifth Corps, with whom I connected. Pending the relaxation of
artillery fire the men were constantly engaged in strengthening the temporary
works which they occupied.
31st, relieved l from the position held yesterday by
Brevet Brigadier-General McAllister, commanding Third Brigade, Third
Division, Second Corps, and occupied a line of works to the left made
vacant by an advance of a portion of the Fifth Corps, and here connected with
the left of the Third Brigade, First Division. While in this position an attack
was made by a portion of the Fifth Corps. A large number of the attacking party
came back in a decidedly disorganized condition. At this juncture I deployed two
regiments--Sixty-sixth New York Volunteers and One hundred and sixteenth
Pennsylvania Volunteers--as a guard in rear of the line of works, to stop and
force the fugitives into the line of temporary works. Shortly afterward I was
ordered forward to attack the advancing and exultant foe with the force then at
my command, which consisted of the following regiments: Fifty-third, One hundred
and sixteenth, One hundred and forty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, and
Sixty-sixth New York Volunteers, the Sixty-fourth New York Volunteers, One
hundred and forty-fifth and One hundred and eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers
being elsewhere and performing other duties, the former on picket, the other two
corduroying the Dabney Mill road. I moved forward as directed and attacked the
enemy, but shortly afterward the whole line gave way and retired about 200 yards
and was reformed. The conduct of a majority of the troops of this command was
admirable, while one regiment, the One hundred and forty-eighth Pennsylvania
Volunteers, gave way unceremoniously and in confusion. This regiment giving way,
and the failure of the Third Brigade to advance simultaneously, was the primary
cause of the troops of this command retiring. It was not caused by an absence of
determination on the part of the troops or the superior fighting of the enemy; a
force of circumstances alone obliged them to retire. Had the Third Brigade
advanced with me, after crossing the run, instead of remaining idle spectators,
the result of the assault would have been different and my brigade spared the
mortitication of a repulse. After the line had been reformed, which occupied but
a short time, and which was accomplished under considerable of a musketry fire,
the troops were again moved forward and again occupied the position from which
they had previously retired, and still without the co-operation of the Third
Brigade. At this time Captain Peterson, of the Sixty-fourth New York Volunteers,
came to my assistance with about fifty men of that regiment, they having been
relieved from picket duty. The conduct of these men was admirable. These men
remained with me until the regiment joined the brigade and rendered good
service. We kept gaining ground slowly until the Third Brigade moved forward mid
connected with us, when we pushed forward more rapidly, pushing the enemy back
into his works. His opposition was determined and obstinate, aided by his
temporary success in repulsing a portion of the Fifth Corps in the earlier part
of the day. The attack on our part was eminently successful, but with
considerable loss. We built a line of temporary works a few hundred yards
distant from the enemy's main line and rested for the night.
1st, shortly before daylight we moved back to the
position occupied in the morning previous and occupied the works from which we
advanced. Here the men were supplied with rations and ammunition, and arms and
ammunition inspected, in order to be ready for a renewal of the conflict should
an emergency at this or a distant point render our services necessary. About
dusk we moved forward and occupied the position which we had vacated in the
morning, rested here for a short tune, and then marched, via the White Oak road,
to join the forces under Major-General Sheridan.
2d, joined General Sheridan about daylight, rested
about two hours, resumed the march, retracing our steps, and entered the enemy's
works at the point where the White Oak road runs through them, the works being
occupied without any loss. The march was continued through the enemy's late
camp, without any incident of note, until we reached a point near the South Side
Railroad, excepting the detachment of the One hundred and forty-fifth
Pennsylvania Volunteers to capture a wagon train, in which it was unsuccessful;
they came in sight of but could not capture the train, or any part of it, the
roads being in a very fair condition and the train moving rapidly. Arriving near
the railroad the head of the column came up with the real- guard of the enemy
crossing the River road, and in a manner to protect the railroad, with several
pieces of artillery in position. The Third and Second Brigades preceded me; I
came up and formed line in rear of the latter; remained inactive for a short
time, except looking out for our right flank. The Sixty-fourth New York
Volunteers was detached at this time for the purpose of finding the enemy's
right, For the particulars of its operations I invite your attention to the
report of its commander, Lieut. Col. William Glenny. The One hundred and
forty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers was also detached to extend the line to the
right. I was now ordered to move to the right and assault the enemy's position;
a position which the several combined assaults of two brigades could not take. I
was conducted to a position in rear of the skirmish line of the One hundred and
forty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers by Brevet Major Marlin, of Brevet
Major-General Miles' staff. Formed line of battle under the crest of a hill,
which screened the men from the view of the enemy, the One hundred and
forty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers deployed as skirmishers. The whole
preparations were made in a most incredible short time, the officers working
energetically and the men obeying orders with alacrity. The whole line now
pushed forward with resistless fury, determined for victory. While advancing the
enemy used his artillery, giving us grape and canister, but its use was of short
duration. The fire did not intimidate or retard our advance, but did
considerable execution. Among the wounded, while we were advancing, was Lieut.
C. H. Burghardt, Fourth New York Heavy Artillery, acting aide-de-camp, who fell
from his horse seriously wounded in the leg with a grape-shot while gallantly
performing his duty. While advancing the Fifty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers was
taken from the extreme left and placed on the right of the line for the purpose
of striking the railroad sooner, which done would necessitate an abandonment of
the position held by the enemy. Subsequent events proved the correctness of this
view. The men continued the advance cheering lustily, and when the right of the
line struck the railroad the enemy commenced his retreat, my command pressing as
rapidly as circumstances would permit. The fruits of victory were the capture of
2 guns, 1 color, and a number of prisoners, sent to the rear, of whom no number
was taken. This success was eminently a happy, a glorious one. I did not have
then, nor have had since, any information that our forces had possession of the
road at an earlier period, and from the importance attached to the possession of
this place, am led to the belief that they had not. After crossing the road we
struck the River road and marched to the right about two miles in the direction
of Petersburg, and then countermarched and rested near Sutherland's Station for
3d, 4th, and 5th, marching to overtake the retreating
enemy, without anything of particular note occurring.
6th, resumed the march from Jetersville, and at an
early hour came in sight of the enemy; a line of battle was formed and advanced
to attack the enemy. I was ordered to connect with the First Brigade and march
in line of battle with it, which was done as long as it was practicable to do
so, and then I marched the command out in the road in supporting distance of the
leading brigade should assistance be required. Was not actively engaged during
the day; rested for the night near the Appomattox River.
7th, the pursuit continued, my brigade leading the
column, but by subsequent countermarching was brought third in column. Came up
with the enemy a short distance from Farmville, formed line of battle, with
right resting on the road and connecting with the left of the Third Brigade. The
Sixty-fourth New York Volunteers was deployed as skirmishers, the commander of
which reports the capture of 1 gun and 1 color, but were subsequently retaken
from him. Attention invited to his report. While the brigade was making
connection with the Third Brigade we lost several men, including my bugler. The
brigade was not called upon to make any further demonstration; changed our
position once and remained for the night.
8th, march resumed, no incident of note worth
recording. 9th, march resumed. Came up with the enemy in the morning, and rested
pending the result of the correspondence in relation to the capitulation of the
Army of Northern Virginia. Its consummation was hailed with undisguised feelings
of joy, the prospect of peace, through victory, being desirable by all. It was a
proud satisfaction to those who have been in this Army of the Potomac for four
years, and shared with it the vicissitudes and the varying fortunes of its
several campaigns, to be present on this occasion, and to have a share in the
honor of the campaign which ended so auspiciously to our cause.
The conduct of the officers and men of this command,
with the exception above noted, was eminently satisfactory, and creditable to
the several organizations, commanded as follows: Fifty-third Pennsylvania
Volunteers by Col. William M. Mintzer, One hundred and sixteenth Pennsylvania
Volunteers by Maj. David W. Megraw, One hundred and forty-fifth Pennsylvania
Volunteers by Capt. James H. Hamlin, One hundred and eighty-third Pennsylvania
Volunteers by Col. George T. Egbert, Sixty-fourth New York Volunteers by Lieut.
Col. William Glenny, Sixty-sixth New York Volunteers by Capt. Nathaniel P. Lane.
The One hundred and forty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, whose conduct has been
censured for the part taken by them in the action of the 31st, did very well on
the 2d in the operations against the railroad.
In conclusion, I beg to name the following officers,
whose conduct was such as calls for a recognition of their distinguished
services: Col. W. M. Mintzer, commanding Fifty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers;
Maj. D. W. Megraw, who received a painful wound and still retained command of
his regiment, One hundred and sixteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers, until ordered
to the rear; Maj. Theodore Tyrer, Sixty-fourth New York Volunteers, for valuable
aid and assistance; and also to Capt. J. H. Hamlin, commanding One hundred and
forty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers; Capt. A. F. Peterson, Sixty-fourth New York
Volunteers; Lieut. S. P. Corliss, Fourth New York Heavy Artillery, acting
assistant adjutant-general; and Lieut. C. H. Burghardt, Fourth New York
Artillery, acting aide-de-camp.
I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient
Brevet Brigadier-General, U.
S. Volunteers, Commanding Brigade.
Lieut. Col. R. A. BROWN,
Actg. Asst. Adjt. Gen, First Division, Second Army