2nd Battery (B) Light Artillery

 

Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in September 3, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 22, 1861. Attached to Hamilton's Division, Defenses of Washington, to March, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1862. Artillery Reserve, 3rd Army Corps, to August, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

SERVICE

    Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., till March, 1862.

    Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula March, 1862.

    Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4.

    Battle of Williamsburg May 5.

    Battle of Fair Oaks (or Seven Pines) May 31-June 1.

    Action at Fair Oaks Station June 21.

    Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1.

    Battles of Oak Grove, Seven Pines, June 25.

    Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29.

    White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30.

    Malvern Hill July 1.

    At Harrison's Landing till August 16.

    Moved to Washington, D.C., and duty in the Defenses of that city till November.

    Operations on Orange and Alexandria Railroad November 10-12.

    Near Falmouth, Va., November 28-December 11.

    Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12--15.

    At Falmouth till April 27, 1863.

    "Mud March" January 20-24.

    Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church February 5-7.

    Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.

    Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5.

    Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24.

   Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3.

    Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24.

    South Mountain, Md., July 12.

    Wapping Heights, Manassas Gap, Va., July 23.

    Near Warrenton, Va., till October.

    Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.

    Auburn and Bristoe October 14.

    Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.

    Kelly's Ford November 7.

    Brandy Station November 8.

    Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.

    At and near Stevensburg till May, 1864.

    Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15.

    Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7.

    Spottsylvania May 8-12.

    Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21.

    Assault on the Salient ("Bloody Angle") May 12.

    Harris Farm (or Fredericksburg Road) May 19.

    North Anna River May 23-26.

    On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.

    Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12.

    Before Petersburg June 16-18.

    Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.

    Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864.

    Demonstration north of the James River August 13-20.

    Strawberry Plains August 14-18.

    Russell's Mills August 18.

    Ream's Station August 25. Watkins' House March 25.

    Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.

    Hatcher's Run March 29-31.

    Boydton Road, Fall of Petersburg, April 2.

    Sutherland Station April 2.

    Sailor's Creek April 6,

    Farmville April 6-7.

    Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.

    Moved to Washington, D.C., May.

    Grand Review May 23.

    Mustered out June 16, 1865.

 

Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 8 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 23 Enlisted men by disease. Total 32.

 

 


 

Battle Report Filed By Capt. A. Judson Clark, Commander of the

2nd Battery (B) Light Artillery

 

NEAR BEVERLY FORD, VA.,
August 14, 1863.

CAPTAIN: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by this battery in the engagement near Gettysburg, July 2:

Early on the morning of July 2, the battery was moved to the front, and placed in the second, near the left, of the line of batteries. About 9.30 a.m. the battery, by your orders, was moved to the front and left, and placed in line on the rise of ground midway between General Sickles' headquarters and the peach orchard, on the Emmitsburg road, where we remained until about 2 p.m. At this time the enemy's infantry was discovered passing in column across the Emmitsburg road to our left and front, and distant about 1,400 yards, and, by direction of General Sickles, I placed my battery in position, and opened fire upon their position, using shell and case shot, firing very slowly and apparently with good effect, as, after some 6 or 7 rounds, the columns had entirely disappeared, and no more were seen to pass that point.

Nothing more transpired until about 3 p.m. (at this time the battery was in line at the foot of the next slope, near the peach orchard), when a rebel battery, which had just been placed in position near a house on the Emmitsburg road, about 1,400 yards to our front, opened fire on my position, and I was ordered by you to go back and attack the battery. This I did, using shell and case shot, and, after a pretty short fight, silenced the battery, but only for a short time, when they opened again, as did other batteries which they had brought into position on my right. From this time until night the fire from them was rapid and severe.

About 3.30 p.m. the enemy's infantry commenced moving down from our front and right in strong columns, under cover of a heavy artillery fire, and the fire soon became sharp and obstinate. I immediately opened on them with shell and case shot, but although the fire seemed very destructive, opening large gaps in their ranks, it only temporarily checked them, and they pressed steadily on. I continued firing case and shell, however, at the column, and, later in the fight, into the woods on my immediate front and left, in which the enemy were pushing our troops, that seeming to be at the time the main point of their attack.

About 6.30 p.m. another of the enemy's columns commenced moving across my front, and distant about 350 yards, when I began firing canister, doing great execution, throwing the column wholly into confusion, and causing it to seek shelter behind the slope of a hill just beyond them. By this time our infantry on both sides had fallen back, as had also several batteries, when, having no supports, I deemed it best to retire, which I did, to near the ground occupied the previous evening. In the battle of the following day the battery was not engaged.

I was obliged to leave one caisson and one caisson body on the field for the want of horses to bring them off, but subsequently recovered them.

My loss in men was as follows: One man killed, 16 men wounded, and 3 missing, 2 of whom are known to be prisoners. I had 17 horses killed, and 5 disabled so badly that I was obliged to abandon them.

Of the conduct of the officers and men, I can only say that it was in the highest degree commendable for courage and bravery.

I am, captain, your obedient servant,

 A. JUDSON CLARK,

 Captain First New Jersey Artillery, Comdg. Battery B.

 Capt. GEO. E. RANDOLPH,

Chief of Artillery, Third Corps.