1st Battery (A) Light Artillery (Hexamer's)

 

Organized at Hoboken, N.J., and mustered in August 12, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., August 20, 1861. Attached to Kearney's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 4th Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to October. 1863. 3rd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to March, 1864. 1st Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to May, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps. to July, 1864. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

 

SERVICE

    Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., till. March, 1862.

    Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862.

    Advance from Alexandria to Bristoe Station April 7-11.

    Embarked for the Virginia Peninsula April 17.

    Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 19-May 4 (on transports).

    West Point May 7-8.

    Battle of Seven Pines (or Fair Oaks) May 31-June 1.

    Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1.

    Battles of Gaines' Mill June 27. Brackett's June 30.

    Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30.

    Malvern Hill July 1.

    At Harrison's Landing till August 16.

    Movement to Manassas August 16-26.

    Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2.

    Bull Run Bridge August 27.

    Chantilly September 1.

    Maryland Campaign September 6-22.

    Crampton's Pass, Md., September 14.

    Antietam September 16-17.

    Duty in Maryland till October 30.

    Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19.

    Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15.

    Duty near Falmouth, Va., till April 27, 1863.

    "Mud March" January 20-24.

    Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.

    Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2.

    Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3.

    Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4.

    Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24.

    Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4.

    Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap October 5-24.

    Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan till October.

    Bristoe Campaign  October 9-22.

    Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.

    Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.

    Payne's Farm November 27.

    Duty near Brandy Station, Va., till May, 1864.

    Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15.

    Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7.

    Spottsylvania May 8-21.

    North Anna River May 23-26.

    On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.

    Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. (Temporarily with 18th Army Corps.)

    Before Petersburg June 16-18.

    Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.

    Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864.

    At City Point July 9-26.

    Demonstration north of the James July 27-29.

    Deep Bottom July 27-28.

    Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865.

    Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.

    Fall of Petersburg April 2.

    Sailor's Creek April 6.

    High Bridge, Farmville, April 7.

    Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.

    March to Danville April 23-27, and duty there till May 18.

    March to Richmond, thence to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 3.

    Corps Review June 8. Mustered out June 22, 1865.

 Battery lost during service 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 12 Enlisted men by disease. Total 15.


 

Battle Report Filed By Gen. H. W. Slocum referencing the

1st Battery (A) Light Artillery (Hexamer's)

 

 

HDQRS. FIRST DIVISION, SIXTH PROVISIONAL CORPS,
Camp near Harrison's Landing, Va., July 8, 1862.

SIR: On the 27th of June last, in obedience to orders received from General Franklin, I ordered the brigade commanded by Brigadier-General Newton to cross Alexander's Bridge to the left bank of the Chickahominy to the support of General Porter. The order was received at 2 o'clock p.m., and the brigade immediately moved in light marching order. At 2.30 p.m. I was ordered to cross at the same point with the remainder of my division. The movement was executed at once, and General Taylor's brigade crossed at about 3 p.m., followed by the brigade of Colonel Bartlett.

On my arrival near the field I was met by a member of General Porter's staff, who directed me to place one brigade near the right of the line of battle and another on the left of the first brigade. General Newton's brigade was at once formed in two lines, of two regiments each, the first line deployed, the second in double column, and moved to the point designated, accompanied by Lieutenant Upton's battery (D), of the Second U.S. Artillery.

This brigade was subsequently, by order of General Porter, directed to enter the woods in front of them, two regiments at one point and two at another. The Thirty-first New York and ninety-fifth Pennsylvania, under the immediate command of General Newton, stormed the woods, which were then occupied by the enemy in very strong force, and maintained their position more than two hours under a most galling fire and against greatly superior numbers. The other two regiments of this brigade, the Eighteenth and Thirty-second New York, under command of Colonel Roderick Matheson, of the latter regiment, occupied a position on an eminence near the woods occupied by General Newton until nearly all their ammunition was exhausted, when they were ordered to retire to a position in rear, where a New line was formed.

The New Jersey brigade, commanded by Brig. Gen. G. W. Taylor, on its arrival on the field was formed in the same order as that of General Newton, and on arriving near the line of battle its regiments were ordered into the woods. The Fourth New Jersey, under command of Col. J. H. Simpson, was detached from the brigade and ordered to an advanced position in the woods, where, cut off from the rest of our troops, the greater portion of it, together with its gallant colonel and all of its officers except those who had already fallen, were taken prisoners. The remaining regiments of the brigade maintained the positions assigned them until their ammunition was expended and our entire line withdrawn. This brigade was accompanied by and supported Hexamer's battery (A), of the First New Jersey Artillery.

Having received no specific directions as to the disposition of the remaining brigade, under command of Col. Joseph J. Bartlett, of the Twenty-seventh New York, I directed Colonel Bartlett to take position on the extreme left of the line, near the New road leading through the valley from Doctor Gaines' house to Alexander's Bridge. On approaching the point indicated Colonel Bartlett found our troops engaged to the right of his position, and immediately moved his brigade to their support. He was subsequently ordered to the right of the line to support General Sykes, whose troops, fatigued by the long contest of this and the previous day? were nearly overpowered by the overwhelming numbers of the enemy. Porter's battery (A) of the First Massachusetts Artillery, was assigned to the command of Colonel Bartlett, and remained with his brigade during the day.

For detailed accounts of the operations of the several brigades of my command I would respectfully refer you to the reports of the brigade commanders, copies of which are herewith inclosed. It will be seen from the reports that not only were the brigades of the division separated from each other, but that in at least two instances was the brigade organization broken up and regiments detached to hold isolated positions in the woods. As to the conduct of the officers and men of my division I have only to say that the division entered the field 8,000 strong, and that the list of killed, wounded, and missing amounts in the aggregate to 2,021. These lists attest the devotion and heroism of officers and men, notwithstanding this fearful loss (including as it does many of the bravest and best officers of the division) all the regiments left the field in good order, and returned to their camps in the same compact and orderly manner that characterized their march to the scene of conflict.

The brigade commanders, Generals Newton and Taylor and Colonel Bartlett, are each entitled to the greatest praise, not only for their heroic conduct on the field, but for their untiring efforts after the close of the action in bringing off the wounded and in maintaining order and steadiness amid the prevalent confusion.

The loss of the division in officers was particularly severe, not only in numbers, but in the character of those killed and wounded. Colonel Tucker and Major Ryerson, of the Second New Jersey, and Lieutenant-Colonel Heath, of the Fifth Maine, were killed while gallantly discharging their duty. Their loss is deeply felt in their regiments and throughout the division, and will be lamented by a wide circle of friends. Colonel Gosline and Major Hubbs, of the ninety-fifth Pennsylvania, and Lieutenant-Colonel Marsh, of the Sixteenth New York, were mortally wounded while in the thickest of the fight and have since died. Colonel Howland, of the Sixteenth New York; Colonel Pratt, of the Thirty-first New York; Colonel Jackson, of the Fifth Maine; Major Gardiner, of the Twenty-seventh New York, and Major Hatfield, of the First New Jersey, were so severely wounded as to be rendered unfit for duty.

Over the fate of Colonel Simpson, Lieutenant-Colonel Hatch, and Major Birney, and the other officers of the Fourth New Jersey, hangs a painful uncertainty. They either rest in a soldier's grave or have fallen into the hands of the enemy.

Of the many other officers of less rankó the non-commissioned officers and soldiersó -I cannot here speak in detail. Like soldiers and like men they performed their duty and met their fate, and a grateful country will long bear them and the thousand nameless heroes of this conflict, who have offered up their lives at the nation's shrine, in lasting and honored remembrance.

 H. W. SLOCUM,

Brig. Gen. Vols., Comdg. First Division, Sixth Corps.

 Capt. FRED. T. LOCKE,

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Hdqrs. Fifth Provisional Corps.